College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework for Social Studies State Standards

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College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework for Social Studies State Standards: Guidance for Enhancing the Rigor of K-12 Civics, Economics, Geography, and History

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The result of a three year state-led collaborative effort, the College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework for Social Studies State Standards was developed to serve two audiences: for states to upgrade their state social studies standards and for practitioners — local school districts, schools, teachers and curriculum writers — to strengthen their social studies programs. Its objectives are to: a) enhance the rigor of the social studies disciplines; b) build critical thinking, problem solving, and participatory skills to become engaged citizens; and c) align academic programs to the Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts and Literacy in History/Social Studies.

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C3 Resources

The C3 Framework for Social Studies State Standards: Implications for History Education


The goal of social studies education is to develop responsible, informed, and engaged citizens to foster civic, global, historical, geographic, and economic literacy. The College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework for Social Studies State Standards, released by the National Council for the Social Studies in 2013 was purposefully designed to meet this goal by providing guidance to states and local school districts to enhance the rigor of K-12 civics, economics, geography, and history.

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Inquiring Minds: Quality Social Studies Teaching and Learning and the C3 Framework


The College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework, recently released through the National Council for the Social Studies, offers social studies teachers and leaders a way forward for the development of standards and curriculum as well as serving as a guide for quality social studies instruction.

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Writing a School Constitution: Representative Democracy in Action


In the September/October 2014 _Social Studies and the Young Learner, Lorraine S. McGarry and Donnan M. Stoicovy describe how their school's annual "town hall meetings" to start the school year lead to a C3-aligned project during which students wrote a code of rights and responsibilities, which included the authentic experiences of electing representatives and holding a constitutional convention.

"Writing a School Constitution: Representative Democracy in Action" (pdf)"

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Why Vote? 5th Graders Take Informed Action

What does the C3 Framework look like in a fifth grade classroom? This five-minute video produced by Social Studies School Service provides a snapshot of high quality C3 social studies instruction designed to prepare students for active and engaged citizenship.

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C3 Literacy Collaborative Project (C3LC)

Through a grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, National Council for the Social Studies, in partnership with the National Center for Literacy Education (NCLE), will provide free professional learning, tools, and resources to support 50 teams of middle level and high school teachers from across the nation to utilize the College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework for Social Studies State Standards. The goal of this initiative is to enable social studies teachers to implement the Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts and Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects by using the College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework for Social Studies State Standards.

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From NCSS Publications

Social Studies for the Next Generation: Purposes, Practices, and Implications of the College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework for Social Studies State Standards
The bulletin includes bonus chapters not available in the pdf version.
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Teaching the College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework: Exploring Inquiry-Based Instruction in Social Studies
An indispensable guide for teachers implementing the C3 Framework including model lessons contributed by 15 of the best social studies curricular organizations.
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