College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework for Social Studies State Standards


College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework for Social Studies State Standards: Guidance for Enhancing the Rigor of K-12 Civics, Economics, Geography, and History

C3 Framework Cover
The result of a three year state-led collaborative effort, the College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework for Social Studies State Standards was developed to serve two audiences: for states to upgrade their state social studies standards and for practitioners — local school districts, schools, teachers and curriculum writers — to strengthen their social studies programs. Its objectives are to: a) enhance the rigor of the social studies disciplines; b) build critical thinking, problem solving, and participatory skills to become engaged citizens; and c) align academic programs to the Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts and Literacy in History/Social Studies.

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New from NCSS Publications

Social Studies for the Next Generation: Purposes, Practices, and Implications of the College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework for Social Studies State Standards. National Council for the Social Studies (Bulletin 113)

Get a hard copy of the C3 Framework in this new book from NCSS Publications. The bulletin includes bonus chapters not available in the pdf version that interpret the Framework, and discuss its context, the central concept of the Inquiry Arc, the connections between C3 and the Common Core standards, the links between C3 and the national social studies standards, and appropriate assessments for C3.

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C3 Resources

Writing a School Constitution: Representative Democracy in Action


In the September/October 2014 _Social Studies and the Young Learner, Lorraine S. McGarry and Donnan M. Stoicovy describe how their school's annual "town hall meetings" to start the school year lead to a C3-aligned project during which students wrote a code of rights and responsibilities, which included the authentic experiences of electing representatives and holding a constitutional convention.

"Writing a School Constitution: Representative Democracy in Action" (pdf)"   --> read more »

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Why Vote? 5th Graders Take Informed Action

What does the C3 Framework look like in a fifth grade classroom? This five-minute video produced by Social Studies School Service provides a snapshot of high quality C3 social studies instruction designed to prepare students for active and engaged citizenship.

The accompanying lesson plan, handouts, and summative assessment rubric developed by Rebecca Valbuena, Board Member of California Council for the Social Studies and Michelle Herczog, President of National Council for the Social Studies provides step-by-step directions and tools to transform a traditional lesson about the fundamental principles of representative democracy into an opportunity for students to understand the importance of voting and participating in civic life.

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Webcast: The C3 Framework for Social Studies State Standards: Implications for Civic Learning


The goal of social studies education is to develop responsible, informed, and engaged citizens to foster civic, global, historical, geographic, and economic literacy. The College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework for Social Studies State Standards, released by the National Council for the Social Studies in 2013 was purposefully designed to meet this goal by providing guidance to states and local school districts to enhance the rigor of K-12 civics, economics, geography, and history.   --> read more »

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Implementing the C3 Framework: What is our Task as Social Studies Leaders?

Michelle M. Herczog, Ed.D.
President-Elect, National Council for the Social Studies

This article originally appeared in the NSSSA Leader Newsletter   --> read more »

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Webcast: Introducing the College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework for Social Studies State Standards


Whether or not the C3 Framework is implemented at the state level, social studies teachers at all grade levels can use the document to reflect upon their own classroom practices and re-envision their instructional program to become more inquiry-based, dynamic, and exciting for students.

Here is archived webcast that provides an overview of the C3 Framework featuring the architects and leads of the project and guidelines for using the webcast along with instructional planning guides for professional development.   --> read more »

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C3 Teachers


C3teachers.org is an open, collaborative website where you can interact with other teachers about enhancing social studies, C3teachers.org aims to empower teachers as they wrestle with the big ideas and instructional implications of the College, Career, and Civic Life Framework for Social Studies State Standards (the “C3 Framework”).

c3teachers.org

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C3 Teachers


C3teachers.org is an open, collaborative website where you can interact with other teachers about enhancing social studies, C3teachers.org aims to empower teachers as they wrestle with the big ideas and instructional implications of the College, Career, and Civic Life Framework for Social Studies State Standards (the “C3 Framework”).

c3teachers.org

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Connections to the National Social Studies Standards

The C3 Framework was purposefully designed to offer guidance for state social studies standards, not to outline specific content to be delivered. For states utilizing the C3 Framework, the ten themes of the 2010 NCSS National Curriculum Standards for Social Studies:
A Framework for Teaching, Learning, and Assessment
will be useful for the process of identifying specific content to be delivered and concepts to be acquired. The four dimensions of the inquiry arc in the C3 Framework correspond well with four sets of learning expectations presented in the National Curriculum
Standards for Social Studies

  • Questions for Exploration
  • Knowledge: what learners need to understand
  • Processes: what learners will be capable of doing
  • Products: how learners demonstrate understanding
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