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A Pocketful of History

--Sherry L. Field and Linda D. Labbo
Read a biography. Then examine "pocket contents." In Lincoln's vest pocket? A draft for a speech, theater tickets, and a photograph of his family, among other items. "Artifacts" are suggested for the pockets of Benito Juarez (president of Mexico), Grandma Moses (artist), Mary McLeod Bethune (black educator), and others.

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Teaching in the Post-Election Period

(Posted November 23, 2016)

Resources from the NCSS Publications Archive to support your continuing instruction.


Why Vote? 5th Graders Take Informed Action

What does the C3 Framework look like in a fifth grade classroom? This five-minute video produced by Social Studies School Service provides a snapshot of high quality C3 social studies instruction designed to prepare students for active and engaged citizenship.

Teaching about the Elections

(Posted September, 2016)

= NCSS Members-only resource

For Secondary/High School from Social Education

Teaching in the Time of Trump

Socialism in the United States: Hidden in Plain Sight

(Not so) Unprecedented: Media Analysis of the 2016 Presidential Race and Its Historical Precedents

Memorandum about the First Nixon-Kennedy Debate 

Media Construction of Presidential Campaigns

Political Polling Past and Present


For Middle Level from Middle Level Learning

Making Choices: An Explanation of Political Preferences

Using Cartograms to Explore the Electoral College: Comparing 1908 with 2008


For Elementary from Social Studies and the Young Learner

Teaching about Elections during a Presidential Election Year

Teaching and Learning about the U.S. President: Activities for an Election Year

Scaffolding Classroom Discourse in an Election Year: Keeping a Cool Mood in a Heated Season


Other Resources from Our Colleagues

Chase the Race
Student led interviews and other activities to get your students ready to participate.

National Student/Parent Mock Election
National student voting begins on October 24 and culminates on November 3

Project Look Sharp
A media literacy initiative of Ithaca College that develops and provides lesson plans, media materials, training, and support for critical thinking.

Teaching for Democracy Alliance
Resources to help you define your student engagement strategy

We the Voters
A collection of 20 free, short films (documentary, narrative, and animation) that focus on nonpartisan issues related to voting, democracy, elections, and U.S. governance.

Teaching About Elections During a Presidential Election Year

Pull-out from Social Studies and the Young Learner. Includes list of children's books about elections. 


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Life in a Box: Interpreting Primary Sources and Developing a Hypothesis

Students examine primary source clues and use the inquiry process to discover the identity of a person or event. Accessible to all students and designed to engage diverse learners.

Primary Source to Practice: See What Works in our Classroom!

Be inspired to integrate primary sources and inquiry. This presentation highlights the use of literature, oral histories, images, and simple strategies that can be used across the curriculum.

Let Freedom Ring: Students Can Become Detectives in K-8 Classrooms

Use Library of Congress inquiry strategies to show your students how to become "history detectives" using primary sources and technology.

Kid Citizen: Elementary Grade Apps on Congress and Civic Participation

Explore app episodes designed for young children that foster engaging inquiry with primary sources. See templates for teachers to develop content for digital exploration.

Learning the Intergenerational Way: Bringing Older Adults into the Classroom

Civic identity is founded on relationships. Inviting older adults into classrooms to share and learn with students is easy and powerful. Come learn about the Bridges Together curricula suite.


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