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Discovering Africa through Internet-based Geographic Information Systems: A Pan-African Summit Simulation

World geography students discover Africa on their own with Internet-based interactive maps and geographic data.

Geography: The Essential Skill for the 21st Century

In this ever changing, interdependent world, students need a geographic awareness that includes familiarity with different cultures, beliefs, and lifestyles to understand and address global issues.
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Teaching with Rather than about Geographic Information Systems

Using GIS in the classroom can present unique challenges. Here, the authors outline key strategies for maximizing student understanding while minimizing technical friction.
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Where and Why There? Spatial Thinking with Geographic Information Systems

High school students develop real-world geography and GIS skills when they perform a site selection analysis to determine the best location for a new business.
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Mapping Early American History: Beyond What Happened Where

--Andrew J. Milson
The three highlighted early American historical maps will provide students with important insight into the geographical understanding of people in the past and the implications of this limited knowledge.

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A Street Named for a King: A Lesson in the Politics of Place-Naming

--Jerry T. Mitchell and Derek H. Alderman
As students use geospatial technology to discover streets named for Martin Luther King, Jr., they learn about politics and social power as well as geography.

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College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework for Social Studies State Standards


The result of a three year state-led collaborative effort, the College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework for Social Studies State Standards was developed to serve two audiences - for states to upgrade their state social studies standards and for practitioners - local school districts, schools, teachers and curriculum writers to strengthen their social studies programs to a) enhance the rigor of the social studies disciplines, b) build critical thinking, problem solving, and participatory skills to become engaged citizens, and c) align academic programs to the Common Core State Standard

K-12 assessments from WA

Washington State Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction

Washington state developed assessments for social studies K-12. These resources give a general rubric and structure to be used to assess social studies skills and content. Teachers choose their own specific topics and formats, and the rubric provides uniformity in scoring structure.

Scroll down to the table and look at the models that are provided for each subject area and grade level.

Organization website:
Carol Coe
Contact email:
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Why is geography not given more attention in the elementary curriculum, and what is the best way to teach it?

Su Hickenbottom

No Child Left Behind has left a huge gap in our teaching of geography and other subjects in the social studies. New schools are not providing maps and globes, but relying on technology to fill the gap. It is not the same. Sometimes, students make connections looking at a map that they wouldn't make from a short presentation from the computer.

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Borderlands of the Southwest: An Exercise in Geographical History

--Stephen J. Thornton
Standard accounts of U.S. history present a chronology of events that begins in the East and moves west. An alternative approach traces Spanish exploration and settlement in what is now the American Southwest.

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