National Council for the Social Studies

44th Annual Meeting of the House of Delegates

November 17-18, 2000 • San Antonio, Texas


Session 1

Friday, November 17, 2000


Call to Order

Susan Adler, President: I’m Susan Adler and I’m President of National Council for the Social Studies. I want to welcome you to the 44th House of Delegates and to go ahead and introduce the people who are up here on the platform with me. To my right is Lynda Wagner, the Chair of the Steering Committee, and very literally my right hand person. Next to her is Susan Griffin, who is the Executive Director of the National Council. And next to her is Kim Kozbial Hess, who is the Vice Chair for the Steering Committee. At my left is Adrian Davis, who is the President Elect. Also out among you are the members of the Board of Directors. Could those folks just stand so the delegates can see where you are? And down in the front, the President’s Council sits up in front. And so we have the Missouri Council for the Social Studies and the Kansas Council for the Social Studies. And I thank you for being right there.

I want to remind you that the minutes of the 43rd House of Delegates are in the House of Delegates Manual. The minutes have been approved by the Steering Committee since the 43rd House of Delegates is not the same body as the 44th. It takes no action on our part, but I hope that you’ve looked them over.

We’re ready for the preliminary report of the Credentials Committee. Ron Robeson is the Chair of the Credentials Committee, and he will be here momentarily to make his report. And I’ll sing and dance. No, you don’t want me to do that. Although the Board tried to persuade me that presenting my Presidential Address in karaoke would be the way to do it, I thought the better of it. Ron Robeson.


Credentials Committee Report

Ron Robeson, Chair, Credentials Committee: As Chair of the Credentials Committee, I am pleased to report that one hundred and seventy six delegates are registered and certified to vote in the House of Delegates as of 3:40 today, Friday, November 17, 2000. As directed by the Credentials Committee, I move the adoption of the credentials report.

The motion to accept the report was put to the vote and accepted.


Adoption of the agenda

Susan Adler: I would like to remind you that the agenda can be found in your House of Delegates Manual. Before we adopt the agenda, I want to remind you of the purpose and function of the House of Delegates. Quoting from the manual, the function of the House of Delegates is: (1) to provide a means whereby the members of NCSS may participate in the development of the policies of the organization, and (2) to serve as a forum for issues relating to the profession and the organization of the Council. So that is our function. If you go to page five, you’ll find the agenda. Do I hear a motion for adoption of the agenda? Second? All in favor signify by saying aye. Thank you. The agenda is adopted and I’m going to turn the mike over to Lynda Wagner.

Lynda Wagner, Chair, Steering Committee: Thank you Susan. Good afternoon, everyone. My name is Lynda Wagner, Chair of the House of Delegates Steering Committee. I’m from Rhode Island, where our state motto is hope. On behalf of the Steering Committee, I too want to welcome you to this 44th session of the House of Delegates being held in the historical city of San Antonio. I particularly want to welcome our first-time delegates, and hope that this House of Delegates will engage your much needed participation now and in the future.

It is my privilege to introduce my colleagues who sit with me on the Steering Committee. New to our committee is Ed Pfeifer, who did our new delegate briefing and is from Idaho. And Sharon Kimble, who is our timekeeper for today from Mississippi. Serving a second year are Patricia Guillory from Georgia, who also worked on the new delegate briefing, and Kim Kozbial Hess from Ohio, our Vice Chair of Technology and the Steering Committee. Last but not least, the gentleman with whom I am ending my term, but certainly not our close friendship, Dr. Bob Lombard from Illinois. Ladies and gentlemen, please join with me in extending our thanks to this very hard-working committee.

There have been many changes made to streamline the House of Delegates sessions in the past two years. Your continuous suggestions made on the evaluation forms are taken seriously. Last year, your evaluations told us that ninety-one percent of the body felt that our meetings provided a forum for the discussion of substantive issues. Also, ninety-seven percent said that there was sufficient time allotted for discussion of those issues. This year our main emphasis is on having even more time for the discussion of substantive issues. And it was with this in mind that the usual Saturday Candidates Forum has been moved to today’s session.

Your Council leaders have worked diligently to solidify a platform of these issues to be submitted for your consideration. More have been filed today than at any other time in this Resolutions Committee. If there is anyone who feels that they need to sit so that they can see the screens more clearly we have a table, which is to my left, your right, that will provide for individuals who have a visual impairment.

Susan Adler, President: Thank you, Lynda. Lynda has worked very hard getting this all organized and, if things run smoothly, it’s thanks to her. If they don’t run smoothly it’s probably my fault. Lynda is terrific.

Lynda Wagner then described procedures for making nominations for House of Delegates Committees.


State of the Council Addresses

Susan Adler, President: I want again to welcome all of you. Serving on the House of Delegates is an important responsibility. The organization, and particularly the Board of Directors, takes the work of the House of Delegates very seriously. Sometimes delegates feel that some resolutions go to the Board and we ignore them. Take my word for it, honestly, we don’t ignore them. There may be some reason why a resolution can’t be approved as written. But these resolutions and your work are of prime importance. And they’re particularly important in establishing a policy platform. We’re often asked to respond to issues: for example, there may be a petition that’s being circulated, and we are asked to sign on to it as an organization. I, as the President, may think it’s a good idea, but I don’t speak for the whole organization without having a policy to refer to. So, for example, if we are asked to sign on to something that has to do with gun control, I can’t make a decision like that unless I have a body of policy on which I can stand as President and say yes or no.

We, the Board of Directors, are also aware that we need to build a better mechanism to get involvement from our members. Toward that end, the National Council has appointed a Task Force on Governance. This certainly affects the work that we’re doing here in the House of Delegates. The Governance Task Force has undertaken a two-year study. They’re trying to get information from members and non-members and get feedback about their thinking and get our thinking back to members. The question is, how do we accomplish what we want to accomplish efficiently and effectively? Which, of course, raises the larger issue about where we’re going, and what our vision is. So the question of how we can operate better really ties into that big question of our vision and direction for the future, our strategic long-range planning.

When we initially put together this task force we envisaged several possible outcomes. Maybe no major changes will be necessary. But we hope that, by the end of the two years, we will have meaningful charges for our committees and they will be able to complete their tasks in useful and meaningful ways. We certainly hope that there will be meaningful links between objectives and operations, where we want to go and how we get there, as well as ways of assessing the progress we’re making. There’ll be structures to help the Board plan strategically and we’ll have greater clarity about how all of the pieces fit together—the House of Delegates, the committees, the associated groups and so forth.

My own goals for the organization have to do with building connections within and across the organization. We have lots of constituencies within our organization. We have K-12 teachers, we have university folks, we have associated groups, and affiliated groups. We’re all looking to continue to build the links to work together for social studies and for National Council for the Social Studies.

Let me quickly talk about several other initiatives in addition to the Governance Task Force. There has been a public relations effort and I hope all of you are informed about that. It’s very important that we educate the public about the importance of social studies, and that policy makers, administrators, parents, and community people know that social studies is meaningful, and that it has to do with building effective citizens. To aid us in this effort we need your help. It can’t just be something the Board does. It can’t simply be something that the staff does. We need everybody out there. And to assist you in that I recommend that you click online at There are many wonderful things there, but click onto the Tool Kit, which is a public relations Tool Kit. It gives lots of ideas, such as letters to the editor, and how to approach a legislator. And I also want you to know that NCSS has a new Public Relations person on our staff, Al Frascella, who is wonderful, very helpful and really getting us out in the limelight.

Another major initiative, about which you will hear more later on, is the Task Force for Revitalizing Citizenship Education. This Task Force was formed in response to a House of Delegate resolution passed last year calling for such a task force. The charge was to review and update guidelines on civic education, and develop a plan of action aimed at putting NCSS at the forefront of the nationwide campaign to revitalize K-12 citizenship education. The Co-chair of that task force, Diane Hart, will talk a little bit more about that later in the day. It seems to me that this work goes to what I consider the heart, the soul and the core of who we are as social studies educators.

One additional initiative that I find very interesting, and I hope that you will as well, is a partnership with WGBH, a public television station in Boston, and Annenberg CPB, Corporation for Public Broadcasting, in the production of a social studies video library that shows social studies teaching at its best—teaching that’s connected to our curriculum standards, by teachers who exemplify our ideas of powerful social studies. An eleven-person advisory board has begun work on this. The production team from WGBH is beginning its work going around the country to videotape teachers. If you know of someone or you yourself are someone who exemplifies, not something unusual, but real teaching in real classrooms that you feel good about and you want other people to know about, please let me know about that and I can get the word to WGBH. They are making preview tapes for us to look at, and we have to whittle those down to 24. We can’t go out and film everybody who’s terrific. But we want to get as many as we can from all over the country, in all different kinds of settings, urban, suburban, rural, northeast, southwest and so forth. So please let me know if you have any recommendations to make. When that video library is complete, there’ll be online resources. Its intended use is in pre-service education, in-service education, and school district workshops, and people like me who are teacher educators are looking forward to it. It would also be useful in the work that school districts do.

NCSS is vibrant and active. We have a hard-working committed staff. We have Board members who approach their roles and responsibility with enthusiasm. They’re serious and they care. We have a great affiliate network—that’s all of you. We have hard-working committees. I think that we’re moving ahead in some exciting and wonderful directions. So you are welcome to join us on this journey.

I want to turn the mike over now to Susan Griffin. This is the first year she’s here as the Executive Director of National Council for the Social Studies and we’re all very pleased to welcome her in that capacity. Susan.

Susan Griffin, Executive Director: I’ve had a lot of different hats to wear at NCSS and this is certainly a big one, but I’m trying to fill it. In any case, I’m very happy to be here as the Executive Director for National Council for the Social Studies. I want to applaud the House of Delegates and remind people who may not be aware, as Susan Adler pointed out, that you really play a significant role in guiding the direction of the organization. Not only is the Citizenship Task Force a direct result of one of your resolutions, but our public relations effort is as well. It came about because you as delegates brought a resolution saying that social studies was being devalued, that it was being marginalized in the curriculum and that the national organization had better help us do something about it. So the public relations plan and the Tool Kit are an effort to make that happen, to bring social studies to the understanding of everyone who has to help us—the people in the legislatures, the people in school boards, and the people in your communities. We are going to be focusing our Summer Leadership Institute on using the Tool Kit. And Al Frascella, who is our new staff member, is going to be working with you to help you make the most of these opportunities in public relations.

Susan Adler has talked about a lot of the initiatives that NCSS has taken on this year. We’re very excited about them. The organization is getting a lot of visibility from all of our partnerships with people like WGBH, the National Geographic Society and the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards. We did a program this summer for people interested in starting the whole national board certification process. We brought them into Washington and gave them a step-by-step view of what they might anticipate and what they need to do. We’re planning to do that again this summer. I’ll be contacting the affiliate organizations for people who might be interested in doing that.

One of the key resources of this organization is the NCSS staff, and I’d like to talk to you a little bit about them right now. Ana Post is our Director of Recognition Programs and Special Projects. Ana does a wonderful job. She is the person who has the privilege and the challenge of working with all of our awards programs. She reviews all of the special projects that come to National Council for the Social Studies from organizations that want to work with us. And she prepares information for the Board of Directors to help them evaluate them, whether or not these partnerships would be good.

Gene Cowan just does a little bit of everything. His major responsibilities have to do with the production and design of our publications, but he is also our web master and he makes a huge contribution to this conference. Gene helps us design the exhibit area, the book store, and the registration area. He designs the NCSS Arena, working with Sandy Roberts and Marcia Gerran. And he is at the Solutions Desk. So if there’s a problem that you’re not quite sure what to do with, go to the Solutions Desk and Gene will help you out. Gene is very creative and very hard-working, which is a wonderful combination.

Robin Hayes is our Director of Meetings. You know, when you have a vacancy in a key area, you’re always very concerned that you’ll find exactly the right person. And Robin is the right person for that position. She came to NCSS in late April after the Program Planning meeting had already happened. So she really had to hit the ground running. And one of the things she would do is to run to me and ask me questions about the conference. Well I know a lot about the House of Delegates, I know a lot about our affiliate councils. I didn’t know too much about our meeting, so often I would have to refer her to Susan Adler. I did know who we should call when I didn’t know what to do, so that was some advantage. Robin has just done a wonderful job. She’s brought the registration process back in house, although it was done outside last year, saving us a lot of money. I think she’s just done a terrific job. So we’re very happy to have Robin.

Robin was soon joined by Katrina Wright, our Meetings Assistant, who has done an excellent job processing the registrations, the job that had to be done out of house last year. Many of you have expressed gratitude for something else that Katrina has taken charge of—our new system of mailing conference attendees their registration materials, which is more efficient and means that people don’t have to spend time in line waiting to register at the meeting. Katrina is always friendly and helpful. We knew she would do a great job with us, because before joining us she worked at Youth for Understanding, which shares the premises we work at, and we saw her there every day.

Al Frascella is a very interesting guy and I hope you get a chance to talk to him at this meeting. He’s been sending you lots of updates on what’s not going on in the government. And he has a wonderful and a very strong background in public relations from the corporate world. That’s the sort of view of things that we just haven’t had at NCSS. So we’re just absolutely thrilled that he’s with us. He’s going to be a wonderful resource for you as you go about trying to develop public relations plans for your councils. So we’re very pleased. He’s got a wonderful sense of humor that I’m sure you will enjoy and he wears magnificent ties. So welcome Al.

Marcia Gerran has been at NCSS for ten years. She processes every renewal and every new membership that comes into our office. About a week before the meeting, I was in there talking to Sandy Roberts about something and she had just completed a batch of twenty thousand three hundred and sixty dollars and twenty cents with no mistakes. Marcia Gerran is a very valuable asset. She’s also got a wonderful sense of humor. And most of you won’t see her any other time of the year but now. So if you have a chance, please go by the NCSS arena and meet Marcia.

Margaret Black is our receptionist. She takes care of meeting and greeting people, opening all of our mail. She also is responsible for preparing the cash receipts, which happily at this time of the year is rather a big job. Her work load, like a lot of our work loads, is very cyclical. The work load right now is significant and Margaret always pulls through the day with a smile on her face, making everybody feel good that they’re there.

Michael Simpson is our Director of Publications. He does an absolutely wonderful job of supplying vision and direction for one of the primary benefits of membership in National Council for the Social Studies. In addition to providing leadership, he rolls up his sleeves and goes through the enormous number of manuscripts that come to the NCSS office week by week. It’s his mission to make our publications look wonderful and have very important and significant content for the classroom teacher.

As for Mildred McBee, I really don’t know where I would be without her. Mildred is also known as Peaches and she is the Council Services Assistant. Right now she doesn’t have a Council Services Director to report to, so she’s been picking up a lot of the pieces of that job and has done a wonderful job. The other thing about Mildred is that she takes care of all the communications. Almost everything that you receive goes through Mildred’s hands. She’s the one who calls and calls when you don’t give her things the first time. She knows that you’re very busy people, and she always has a wonderful way of reminding you firmly but sweetly. Mildred has also been in the office with the Meetings Assistant, who does all the registration stuff, and she’s always been willing to pitch in. So for the twenty-two years that she’s been at NCSS she’s been pitching in with registration. So this year when we had a new meetings person, Robin, and a new Meetings Assistant, Katrina, she was a very valuable asset because she would say, “Did you remember to do this, did you remember to do that, did you call so and so back and make sure that was taken care of?” So she’s just been fabulous and I can’t say enough good things about her.

Sandy Roberts is in charge of the Membership Department, so she takes care of running our monthly invoices. She oversees the operations of all the membership processing, she provides you with the state lists, she does all the membership statistics, and she keeps on top of the membership marketing plan. She’s been with NCSS twenty years, so we’re very lucky to have someone of such dedication and talent. She knows the processing from the top to the bottom because she’s done it for so long.

Steve Lapham is an Associate Editor who works on Middle Level Learning and also Social Studies and the Young Learner, working with Sherry Field, who is the editor. I know he’s contacted all of you about putting him in touch with authors. He’s interested in getting more authors for both of those publications. So don’t let Steve down—get in touch with him if you have good people who are currently writing for you as well.

Terri Ackerman has the best on-time record at NCSS. She’s the editor of The Social Studies Professional, and Leadership Link. All of us want to get our information out to people. But none of us wants to actually get it in on time. So Terri is just a very talented person at persuading, persuading, persuading and then getting more persuasive as time goes on.

Tim Daly is Director of Administration. He runs our whole computer system, and takes care of supporting a lot of our governance functions, such as the liaison with the Board of Directors, with all of our committees, and with the associated groups. This year, he also took on the primary NCSS role in administering the Keizai Koho program, which is a wonderful program that a lot of you have participated in. We are now a partner in the program with the Keizai Koho Foundation, and that is on Tim’s desk as well. Tim always does a wonderful job.

Tim McGettigan is a very interesting person. He’s our Director of Finance. He calls himself a bean counter, and he does qualify for all the good stereotypes of what a bean counter is. He’s very thorough, he’s very analytical, he’s very thoughtful. But he doesn’t fit a lot of the other narrow-minded and more negative stereotypes at all. Tim has been known to sing karaoke and dance very well. And one of the things that he did this year was a huge help to the organization. Jaime Hitchcock left in February and Robin didn’t come on until the end of April. In the meantime, our Exhibit Prospectus had to go out. Tim started selling exhibit space, and he did a very, very fine job. He was concerned that exhibitors had not received sufficient customer service, over the last couple of years, so he made it his personal mission to provide it, understanding very well how important our exhibitors are to us. He’s just done a wonderful, wonderful job. So thank Tim if you see him in the registration area.

Joan Butler is our Membership Assistant. She takes care of every address change. Now I don’t know if social studies teachers move more than other people but I know that we get stacks of them and stacks of them every week. And Joan is the one who works part time to take care of those. She’s a wonderful person to have around.

Jennifer Rothwell is a Senior Editor, and she, Michael and Gene are responsible for how wonderful Social Education looks. She goes through and carefully edits the journal. She goes out and gets authors. And last year, she received a nomination for an Ed Press award for one of her photographs. So Jennifer too is a very, very valuable resource for the organization.

Thanks very much.

Lynda Wagner, Chair, Steering Committee, asked for questions from the floor. No questions were asked.

Susan Adler, President: I have to tell you it’s both confusing and convenient to have both of us called Susan. When you say “Susan,” we both respond. And I also want to add, it looks like we have a lot of staff. We could double our staff and they’d be busy. They work really hard and they come up with remarkable solutions.

Since there were no questions I have time for a short story. I received a phone call from the RiverWalk Hote#151;I’m at the RiverCenter—that they received a fax in the middle of the night. It’s in Japanese and the name of the person was in English. They could read it and she wasn’t at their hotel but it appeared to be somebody with NCSS, could I please pick it up? So I went over and in fact it was in Japanese with the name of someone I didn’t know. So I brought it over to the staff and Gene Cowan took it from me and he said, “Oh yeah, I just met her a little while ago,” and he ran off and delivered this fax. That’s called finding a solution. So they really are, they’re all terrific.


Report of the Assignment Committee

Maria Gallo, Chair, Assignment Committee: I really want to thank all of the members of the Assignment Committee. They are an absolutely wonderful, professional, diligent group of people to work with. And if I could work with them on a daily basis, life back at the office would be so simple. We’re going to tell you who the committee members are that have been assigned to all of the committees. But one thing I did want to say before I forget is that when we looked at the applications, everyone was really more than qualified. It was a very hard choice to make in many instances. But I think I ought to warn you. You know that little box that said, “I’m willing to serve on any committee where I’m needed”? We took you at your word. So if you’re a little surprised as to where some of the names ended up, that’s why. And I apologize if I mispronounce anybody’s name.

The new committee members are: for Academic Freedom, Frances Rains and Mark Haduski; for Archives, Laura Wendling and Mark Previte; for Assessment, Dr. Allan Brandhorst and Lisa Draper; for Awards, Grace Weber and Dr. Catherine Stephenson; for Conference Committee, Bruce Fusillo and Wendy Gail Seeliger; for Curriculum, Minerva Caples and Charles Tutt; for Instruction, Kris Treat and J. Mark Stewart; for International Activities, Dr. Michael Nentwich and Janet Schwartzbaugh; for Membership, Michele Davidson Walker and Ken Hack; for Publications, Dennis Banks and Dr. James Sheehan; for Research, Joseph A. Braun and Linda Levstik; for Teacher Evaluation and Professional Development, Dr. John Chiodo and Lana Moralis Chaisson; for the Technology Committee,Thomas Guarino, and Anand Marri; for Citizenship, Doug Dixon and Carol Bryant; and for Government Relations, Crystal Scott and Ned Farman. I wish you all wonderful working conditions and a good year. Happy holidays.

Lynda Wagner, Chair, Steering Committee: I would like to introduce Ann Kennedy, Chair of the Resolutions Committee. Ann will give you an update on our very exciting resolutions.


Introduction of Resolutions

Ann Kennedy, Chair, Resolutions Committee: Thank you Lynda. Last night and this morning, the Resolutions Committee reviewed a total of twenty-three resolutions, combining two of those resolutions to make a total of twenty-two that will be brought to the floor for discussion. I’d like to recognize the contributions and the role of the following members of the Resolutions Committee, and I’d like to have them stand if they would. First, my Vice Chair, James Bryan of South Carolina, then Jerry Graves of Idaho and Sandy Senior Dauer of Connecticut. Also on the committee was Dora Bradley of Arkansas, but she was unable to attend this year. Thank you all very much. Lynda Wagner and Kim Kozbial Hess of the Steering team, and Susan Griffin and Mildred McBee of the NCSS staff, were also invaluable. So please join me in thanking them as well.

I will now present to you this year’s list of resolutions. First, under the category of current or future business operations of NCSS and its budget are the following resolutions: 00-01, Effective Communication; 00-02, Harvesting Wisdom; 00-03, Summer Leadership Institute Attendance; 00-04, Voting Record Access; 00-05, PR Logo; 00-06, National Marketing and Balance; 00-07, Institutional Memory; and 00-08, Keeping Informed. In the second category are the following resolutions on the nature of social studies education: 00-09, Student Literacy in the Social Studies; 00-10, Importance of Social Studies at the Elementary Level; 00-11, Equity for Eisenhower and Other Professional Development Funds; 00-12, Supporting New Social Studies Professionals; and 00-13, Opposition to High Stakes Standardized Tests. In the category of issues in the fields of history and social science, we received no submissions this year. In the category of social and political issues which are of concern to teachers but do not have direct impact on the nature of social studies education, we received 00-14, The Electoral College, and 00-15, Respect for Native Americans. And then in the final category of courtesy resolutions, we received 00-16, Summer Leadership Institute; 00-17, Courtesy Resolution Commending Susan Adler, NCSS President; 00-18, Courtesy Resolution Commending Susan Griffin, NCSS Executive Director; 00-19, Courtesy Resolution Commending Robin Hayes, the Program Planning Committee, Local Arrangements Committee, Credentials Committee, and the NCSS Staff; 00-20, Courtesy Resolution Commending House Committees; 00-21, Courtesy Resolution Commending Lynda Wagner, Chair of the Steering Committee; 00-22, Courtesy Resolution Commending the Steering Committee; and 00-23, Courtesy Resolution Commending Henry B. Gonzales Convention Center. These are the resolutions which will be up for discussion tomorrow morning. Thank you very much.


Call for Nominations for House Committees

Lynda Wagner, Chair, Steering Committee, received nominations for HOD committees.


Candidates Forum

Lynda Wagner, Steering Committee Chair, introduced Betty Barringer, Chair, Nominations and Elections Committee.

Betty Barringer, TX: Thank you very much. Good afternoon. This committee really represents all of you. And I would like to introduce you to our hard-working members of the committee. You know many of them. Raymond Wicks is from Missouri, and he is going to be the chair next year. Wendell Brooks is from California and Valerie Degnan is from Massachusetts. Mary Evans is from Michigan; David Golden from New York; Terry Harper from Kentucky; Edson Lot from Hawaii; Jacqueline Purdy from California; and Kay Knowles, who is our very valuable Board member, from Virginia.

The committee meets every July to compose this slate of officers and present them to the Board of Directors for their approval. The committee takes its work very seriously and meets in a very business-like and objective fashion to try to consider candidates’ geographic distribution, ethnic background, areas of specialization, grade levels and prior service to NCSS. We also monitor the elections and recommend to the Board of Directors actions which we hope will improve and increase the visibility of the elections. You, the House of Delegates, play a strong role as well. You’re all leaders and you impact our work by encouraging people to apply, and we hope you will fill out an application for yourselves. You all represent a wide range of geographic distribution, ethnic and grade level representation, and all of the different things that we are looking for. So we encourage you to apply for next year. Do consider that. In the exhibits area in the NCSS Arena, there are applications and all of us committee members have applications too. So we would be very happy for you to fill those out for next year.

Now it is with great pleasure that I introduce our candidates to you. They’re lined up over here. First you will hear from the two vice presidential candidates. They have five minutes to present their positions and then the other candidates will speak for one minute. Our first vice presidential candidate is Binta Jalloh from New York.

Binta Jalloh, NY: Good afternoon. It is indeed a pleasure to talk to you tonight and ask for your vote. When I saw this slogan for this year’s conference, “Social Studies: Creating Effective Citizens,” I said to myself, “Well, if they look at me, it’s already successful.” When I left the country of my birth more than twenty-six years ago, I came to study, take ideas, and go back and make a change in my land of Sierra Leone. Unfortunately I couldn’t go back. I decided to stay. I wanted to make a difference. Indeed, I have made a difference in social studies in my local council, state council and national council. When I ran in 1996 for the Board, I stated that the most critical issue facing social studies are the standards movement and at the same time the lack of resources. Now the standards are in place. We have high stakes assessments that teachers have to implement. I believe the most critical issue that faces us today is to help support teachers so they can implement those assessments. We really need to do that. NCSS can do that through its existing committee structures. We have the Instruction Committee, Curriculum Committee, Teacher Education and Professional Development Committees, and we can use those committees to implement what I’m proposing to you.

If elected I’ll do the following. Number one, I will work cooperatively with the Executive Director, not only because she’s great and perfect, but because she has worked so hard for us to get us out of a deficit, and I’ll surely help her to continue that.

Number two, I would like to support our public relations plan. There is no reason why NCSS should not be out there in all of the television stations this year to speak at this time about the election. If elected, I’ll make sure of that.

Number three, I want to energize our teacher education program, the professional development program. I have a lot of energy. I showed that when I was on the Board. I want to share that with all the states.

Number four, we have to energize our support for the citizenship task force. One of the things that I said when I was running is that it’s okay to talk about citizenship. We have to show the students how this affects them. This year, we all got our students involved in citizenship with the election. They’re asking you: what is this electoral college, who are these electors, get rid of them, you have debates in your classes.

Number five, I propose a volunteer teacher-to-teacher mentoring program. And that includes the college professors who are preparing our student teachers. I started a pre-service program in my city, and I recommended it to all states. It was extremely successful and we got jobs for pre-service teachers and support them. We need to do that. There is no reason why I shouldn’t contact somebody in Montana to come and visit me in New York and vice versa. We should be able to do that. Social studies should be out there. And if elected I will do that.

Number six, I want to assist in establishing interest group relations, inter-group relations, between the College and University Faculty Assembly (CUFA), special interest groups (SIGs), the National Social Studies Supervisors Association (NSSSA), and all of the other associated groups. Now I’ve just been told that my time is up. I attended George Mason University. I got my B.A. in government and politics, and then my masters degree. Thank you very much. Vote for me and you won’t regret it.

Betty Barringer: Thank you, Binta. Our next candidate is Denee Mattioli from

Denee Mattioli, TN: Good afternoon. I really consider it a privilege to be able to address the people I go to work with every day. And I feel that way. For the last thirty plus years, I have been going to work in the field of education. The first seventeen years, I was a classroom teacher, and I taught elementary, junior high and high school students during those years. The last fourteen years, I’ve been at the university level in teacher preparation. My experience spans teaching in the urban, suburban and rural settings. And for those of you who know me, you know I’ve been on the move. I’ve been in lots of different states. I’m staying put, I’m from Tennessee now. But in each of those different states, I have worked with the State Department, working with standards and the development of assessments. I was the Vice President and President of the Iowa Council. I was on the Board of Directors in the Illinois Council and I was the Executive Director of the Indiana Council. I was also the program chair for the Great Lakes Regional Conference.

In NCSS, I have been a delegate—I tried to figure out how many years and couldn’t remember, but it is a lot. And I’ve served on the Technology Committee, the Citizenship Committee, and the Nominations Committee. I’ve served on a National Program Committee and I’ve served on the Board of Directors, and presently I’m a member of the Task Force for the Revitalization of Citizenship Education. I proposed and developed and directed the Elementary Social Studies Development Center in Chicago. And while I was at Purdue, I made a proposal that resulted in a million dollar endowment. I also directed the Center for Democratic Citizenship while I was there. Recently, I have received a hundred thousand dollar grant to work with new teachers, first and second year teachers, studying teacher induction with the aim of trying to learn why fifty percent of our ranks leave in the first five years of their career.

In the last fourteen years, I’ve worked with over two hundred school districts from Alaska to New Jersey in curriculum development and revision, program assessment and professional development. I know and understand the very broad spectrum and situations of social studies education in the United States. And my international experiences in education include Japan, Korea, Honduras, Australia and South Pacific.

What are some of the issues that I think are important? There are a lot of them, but I only have five minutes, so I’m going to highlight three. Statistics tell us now that fifty percent of our new teachers leave in the first five years of their career and, if this room represents the same statistics that are there nationally, half of us will be retired in the next ten years or less. What does that mean for those of us left in education? For those of us who are left in education, it means either that a crisis is looming on the horizon, or we’re living it right now. And so I think NCSS needs to be a strong and valued voice in addressing issues to maintain quality teaching and learning in spite of a teacher shortage crisis.

I also have started a student affiliate council. And if those students join NCSS for the first time next year when we meet in Washington, DC, we’ll have student teachers voting in this body. And, hopefully, that will help get young teachers involved.

Citizenship Education is our focus, our purpose, and students need knowledge, skills and values, but we also need to give them experiences to build community based on core democratic values and many opportunities to participate in that community. Without a democratic republic we can’t have the schools that we envision. And without a social studies centered curriculum our democratic republic could be in peril. We need to talk to someone other than ourselves. We need partners in power to understand and to help us change, reform and focus, so that the education that we have is value-based, challenging, active, integrated and meaningful.

What can I bring? Organizational skills, the willingness to listen, the ability to collaborate, the sensibilities needed to work with a variety of groups inside and outside the organization, and the ability, willingness and commitment to advocate and act politically to move our very important mission forward. Lastly, I have the passion to persevere for the sake of our work and for all of the people of our organization. Thank you.

Betty Barringer: Thank you, Denee. Now for the candidates for the Board of Directors. They are divided into the categories of Elementary, Middle, High School, College and Other Professional, as well as the Board of the Fund for the Advancement of Social Studies Education (FASSE). These candidates will introduce themselves to you, and speak for one minute. We will begin with the Elementary category.

Dorothy Dobson, UT: Hi. My name is Dorothy Dobson. I teach fifth grade at Edith Pullen Laboratory School on campus at Utah State University in Logan, Utah. But I live in a little town called Paradise. If elected to the Board, I would relish the opportunity to help create mechanisms which would facilitate reaching out to each and every member, committee, affiliated group and associated group so that each can be a truly integral, valued and acknowledged part of the NCSS community. I would appreciate your vote. Thank you.

Debbie Gallagher, FL: I’m Debbie Gallagher and I’m a teacher at Metcalf Elementary School in Gainesville, Florida. I’ve been very interested in the new public relations campaign that the NCSS has begun, the purpose of which is to create an awareness of the necessity and the importance of social studies education. And I was also pretty energized with Susan Adler’s words in the last Social Studies Professional, where she called upon all of us in our professional lives to be a voice for that public relations. You can imagine the kind of ribbing I’ve gotten in the last couple of days, being from Florida, about the political drama that’s going on—but what an amazing opportunity it is for us, because it’s social studies educators who are being called upon to explain this to our students. And so we have an amazing opportunity to be the best foot forward for our own public relations. So, if elected to the Board of Directors, I would like to continue with ideas about how to promote social studies. Thank you.

Bill Amburn, OK: My name is Bill Amburn and I am from Oklahoma. I’m a member of the Oklahoma Council for the Social Studies. I teach in Bartlesville, Oklahoma, and I teach seventh grade geography. I’m excited about our discipline. I believe we have a discipline that is lively and very dynamic, and it needs to be promoted. As a result, I believe that public relations is going to be one of the things that we need to really concern ourselves about. I believe also in communication among the membership and teamwork among the membership. Our discipline needs to move forward in dynamic ways in order to create the effective citizens that we would like to have as a result of our efforts. And this is extremely important to the United States and to our children. I’m a hard worker. If you vote for me, I guarantee you that I will be there every step of the way to do what I can to help provide the best education for our students and to help with instructional improvement throughout the nation. Thank you.

Marianne Malecki, NY: Good afternoon. My name is Marianne Malecki and I’m a middle school teacher in Bethlehem Central Schools, which is about seven miles south of the state capital of Albany, New York. Those of you here who work with middle schools know the excitement and challenge of being with young adolescents day to day. The adoption of national and state standards and assessments have increased academic accountability for both teachers and students, making it increasingly difficult to juggle curricular content with the emotional, psychological and physical needs of students at this level. Middle school is an important and critical juncture in the academic journey. If we lose them in middle school, there is frequently no getting them back. As a representative of middle schools on the NCSS Board I intend to put my experience and commitment into effective creative and challenging social studies education that will work for my constituents and NCSS. Thank you for this opportunity.

Phyllis Bowie, AK: Good afternoon. My name is Phyllis Bowie, and I’m from the state of Alaska. And I respect the people from Texas, so we won’t go into the issue of the size of the state. I’d like to say, however, that it is our timeless responsibility to take time to work with young people to implement understanding, knowledge, and evaluation of the areas of social studies. They are the touchstones of the future, and it’s up to us to seize the opportunity better to enlighten them in understanding what we’re all about.

Ken Mareski, MI: I’m Ken Mareski from St. Clair High School in St. Clair, Michigan. And first I’d like to thank you for the support that you gave me four years ago when you made me a member of the Steering Committee here in this House and allowed me that opportunity to work and to help improve this body as much as I possibly could. I ask for your support as a candidate for the Board of Directors for the High School/Secondary position. I believe that life gives us opportunities for good and for bad. And we make the most of those opportunities. I will do my best, using the energies that I have and that I have exhibited in the past, to push NCSS forward, to improve social studies education in our country, and to literally give you as much of myself as I can to make our organization the greatest. Thank you.

Robert Nimtz, IL: Good afternoon. I’m Robert Nimtz from Benson, Illinois, which is a rural community three hundred miles south of Chicago. I teach high school. I believe that there are two important issues for the NCSS to continue to address. They are the growth of our membership, especially our young members, and the new program we have in citizenship education. Along with that, I believe we should continue to maintain our fiscal solvency. If elected, it would be a privilege and a responsibility to serve the NCSS membership. Thank you.

Lynda Wagner, RI: Hello, my name is Lynda Wagner. I’m from Rhode Island, and I am a candidate for the Secondary School position on the Board. I’m a classroom teacher with twenty-two years of experience. I teach in a career and technical high school in Lincoln, Rhode Island, which is nowhere near Newport. I’m very committed to what we have done and what we continue to do in the House of Delegates, and I would now like to extend that commitment now to the Board of Directors. My greatest concern is for new teachers and the devaluing of social studies that we are all beginning to experience. I believe I could be an asset to the Board and ask for your support. Thank you.

Linda Bennett, MO: Good evening. My name is Linda Bennett, and I’m the elementary social studies professor at the University of Missouri-Columbia. I’ve been in the field of education since 1979 in the state of Missouri, Colorado, Kentucky and Tennessee. I believe it is the responsibility of each of us to work in revitalizing civic competency in this diverse democracy in our interdependent world. But I come to you today as a volunteer from the state of Missouri, which is the Show-Me-State, to run for the House. I ask for your vote and will represent all of those groups. This is an opportunity for me to serve NCSS. As a member from the Show-Me-State, I will not ask for a recount.

Delbert Johnson, KS: That’s a scary thing. I didn’t think that anything would last after today that would reflect on me. I’m Deb Johnson from Wichita, Kansas, a lifelong classroom teacher until three years ago when I was asked to provide a direction for something that is invasive, for lack of a better word, in today’s education, and that’s assessment. I am beginning and leaving you with four words: middle school, dramatic pause, assessment, another dramatic pause, success. See me for details.

Carol Marquis, CA: My name is Carol Marquis, and I’m from California. I currently work at the World Affairs Council in San Francisco and my job is to work with special projects in San Francisco and Oakland with teachers. And I have a special concern about them and all of the new teachers who are excited about coming into education and to social studies, and then find themselves going some place else within five years. So I would like to do something about that, through this organization, which nurtured me as a brand new teacher. Both the California Council and the National Council really helped me get started in education. And I would like to have the opportunity to serve you on the Board of Directors in the Other Professional category. Thank you very much.

Ruth Stas, PA: They saved the best for last. I’m Ruth Stas and I see they have two things up there for me. I’m a past president of the Pennsylvania Council for the Social Studies, and I’m currently the president of the Middle States Council for the Social Studies. I’m running for the FASSE Board, and I would appreciate it if you would support me. Since I’m the only candidate, I don’t know what competition I really have. As I was standing in line, one of my colleagues handed me a note. I currently serve on the Assignment Committee, and my term is now expiring. But, she said, “would you please support the FASSE members, Board members being active in the drawing?” And I told her that, if I am elected, I will be at every drawing.

Betty Barringer, TX: Thank you, Ruth, and thank you, all the candidates. I think we really have a fine slate of candidates. All of us should appreciate their willingness to volunteer to serve us. As you know it is a big commitment. Now we have a job. And that job is to vote. I think after our lengthy, on-going presidential election, we all realize how important it is to vote. So please do vote when you get your ballots. You will have an opportunity tomorrow to visit with the candidates. They will be in the exhibits area from 12:00-1:00 p.m. in the NCSS Arena. So please drop by and chat with them. Today as you leave they’re going to be right outside the door and would love to say hello to you. And if you don’t recognize them again, they have the pink ribbons. And so please do vote and please do say hello. Thank you very much.

Susan Adler, President: Thank you, Betty. And, again, I want to emphasize how hard the Nominations and Elections Committee works and how much they and we need your support and help in getting nominees to step forward and fill out those papers and really make an effort to come forward.


Fund for the Advancement of Social Studies Education (FASSE) Announcement

Gayle Thieman, Chair, FASSE Board: As Chair of the FASSE Board, I invite you to invest in the future by making a significant contribution to the Fund for the Advancement of Social Studies Education. We administer two award programs. The McAuliffe Reach for the Stars Award supports classroom teachers and their students as they carry out innovative social studies citizenship projects. The second award we present is the Demonstration Grant, which supports collaborative research between a school setting and social studies researchers. Our most recent grant of twenty thousand dollars was awarded to NCSS members Dr. Pat Avery of the University of Minnesota and Linda Trevarro of the Minneapolis Public Schools. That project resulted in teacher-developed performance assessments for each of the ten NCSS standards at the middle school and high school levels. It involved a tremendous amount of work. You may have read about it in some of our publications and you’ll be seeing those assessments.

FASSE raises money in two ways. The first is the FASSE raffle at the conference each year. Raise your hand if you have bought your FASSE raffle tickets. Great. That’s not quite half. Secondly, FASSE raises funds through personal invitation. That’s what I’m doing now. Our goal is to raise an additional one hundred thousand dollars in the next three years. And that will enable us to award the McAuliffe grant to classroom teachers every single year, and the Demonstration grant for twenty thousand dollars every three years. To accomplish this, we need your help. So please fill out the contribution form in your packet. I’ll be glad to collect them at the back as you’re leaving. And make sure they’re turned into the treasurer immediately. We really need your help. And I’d love to see a hundred percent participation from the House of Delegates. Thank you.

Susan Adler, President: Thank you, Gayle. Talk about energizing a group. Thanks a lot. A couple of other brief announcements. You are all invited to the President’s Reception this evening. This is a reception sponsored by the Texas, Missouri and Kansas Councils. It is at 7:30 pm in RiverCenter, that’s the other hotel, Salon D. And then the Nystrom Welcome Dance at 8:30 at the RiverCenter in E and F. Make your way from one to the other, grazing as you go. You don’t need to worry about going out in the cold.

Tomorrow, I’d like to invite you to be in two places at the same time. At six o’clock we have the Awards Presentation in the RiverWalk Hotel in Salon D. And that’s a really inspiring activity. We want to support our award winners. If you’d like to stop in, however, to hear some really terrific jazz, that will be at the RiverCenter, also at 6:00 p.m. in Salons E and F. And this group is sponsored by the Jazz Institute, which has been developing curriculum related to social studies and jazz. So they have some pretty terrific things as well. So please be at both of those at the same time. Having said that, the first session of the 44th House of Delegates is adjourned. See you tomorrow morning at 8:00 a.m. sharp.


Session Two

Saturday, November 18, 2000

President Susan Adler opened the second session of the House of Delegates, and Steering Committee Chair Lynda Wagner invited the candidates for HOD committees to the podium to introduce themselves.

Credentials Committee Report

Ron Robeson, Chair, Credentials Committee: Good morning. As Chair of the Credentials Committee, I am pleased to report that one hundred and ninety five delegates are registered and certified to vote in the House of Delegates as of 8:10 this morning, Saturday, November 18th. As directed by the Credentials Committee, I move the adoption of the Credentials report just read.

The motion was seconded and the report was adopted.

Voting for House Committees

Lynda Wagner, Chair of the Steering Committee, provided instructions for voting for HOD committees. Ballots were distributed and collected.

Susan Adler, President: Executive Director Susan Griffin will have two reports. One is the recognition of the Each One Reach One campaign, and the second the recognition of the Gold and Silver Star Councils. Susan.


Recognition of Each One Reach One, and Gold and Silver Stars

Executive Director Susan Griffin thanked members who had recruited new members during the year and encouraged delegates to make the all-important effort to bring people into NCSS. Gold and Silver Star councils received their certificates:

Susan Adler, President: Thank you very much, Susan, and thanks to all of you who have been reaching out, bringing in new members, and helping both state and national councils grow stronger.

Yesterday I mentioned that NCSS had several initiatives this year. One of these is the Citizenship Task Force, and the second one is the Governance Task Force. I would like to invite Diane Hart to come to the podium and tell us a little about the work of the Citizenship Education Task Force.


Citizenship Education Task Force

Diane Hart: As you know, last year, this House of Delegates passed a resolution asking for the creation of a task force to put NCSS at the forefront of a growing movement to revitalize civic education in this country. Since then, the task force has been funded. We have actually won a grant from Procter and Gamble to further our work. We met this fall for the first time for a weekend meeting. And what you see in front of you represents the work that came out of that meeting. We brainstormed a lot of ideas. We had a lot of philosophical discussions. Then we got down to work and said, all right, what can NCSS really do to move the task of better preparing our students for citizenship?

What you have here is a survey we put together because at this point we need, want, and covet your feedback. We’ve tried to put it in a form that makes it relatively easy for you to check some things off. But I hope that if you have some more thoughts, you will take time to write to us. There are places in this survey to write things out. You can send us extra pieces of paper. We do need to hear from you because, within the next two months, we will be putting together a final set of recommendations to pass on to the Board of Directors. So our time is short. Our fuse is lit and burning very brightly from my perspective.

At the end of this meeting the task force is having an Open Forum, at which we hope many of you will come and discuss this further. We’re going to be meeting in Salon E, which is practically next door, from 11 to 12.

There’s a box at the back of the room in which to drop your surveys if you want to complete them during this morning’s session, although I know you’ll be paying very close attention to all the resolutions. You can also drop these off in the registration area. There’s a box at the Solutions Desk. You can fold them over, staple them together, and mail them to me. Or if you’re happier electronically, this survey is on the website. You can just fill it out, add in your comments and hit the submit button, and it will get to us. But the most important thing I have to tell you this morning is, “Thank you for getting this started. It wouldn’t have happened without you.” And secondly, please help us now move this forward because we need all of our best ideas and our best thoughts. Thanks.

Susan Adler, President: Thanks so much, Diane. And we have to thank John Minkler, the Co-chair, and all the hard-working members of that committee. It’s going to be an excellent report.

I’d like to invite Carol Marquis to come to the podium now. Carol is the Chair of the Governance Task Force. And the work that this task force is doing is also of high importance to the organization.


Governance Task Force

Carol Marquis: Having served in the House of Delegates for many years, I know that there’s often been a concern whether this body and others are as much a part of the process as you all would like to be. I think that the House of Delegates has a central role in the work of NCSS but often feels on the outside, or unsure, or feeling that the communication is not going two ways. As Susan Adler said yesterday, one of her primary objectives for this year is to improve those connections so that we can all have a dialogue. And so it makes a great deal of sense that this Governance Task Force effort is finally getting started. I think all members of the Board of Directors and officers want to build a structure for NCSS that takes us into the future, better meets the needs of the membership, and allows the organization to be much more flexible and responsive, and to plan and build for the future. And I think that all of you as leaders in your council are key to this effort. And as Diane said earlier, just as the Citizen Education Task Force welcomes and appreciates your involvement, the Governance Task Force does too.

Let me tell you just a little bit about what we’re going to be doing and how you can have input. There are ten of us. One of the members of the task force, Dorothy Dobson, who is right over here, is now doing the kind of task that people on task forces often do, which is passing out paper. And what she’s giving you is a copy of an article that appeared in Leadership Link that described this particular task force, its charge and what we’re going to be doing. If you haven’t seen the article, you can review it and share it with people back in your councils.

We have a ten-member task force. We’re working with the Board of Directors and officers and a consultant who has a lot of experience working with non-profit organizations. We have a plan to work over the next two years to gather information, synthesize it, share it with you for reaction, and go out and get more information so that we can build a new governance structure with your help.

For example, right now there’s a series of telephone interviews going on with NCSS members throughout the United States. Has anybody here been part of that? I see a few hands. Those interviews are lasting anywhere from forty minutes to an hour and a half. And what we’re trying to do is get not only some simple answers to questions but to probe more deeply to find out your perspectives, the things you value, the things you care about, and the things you don’t think we might need to be doing. We’ll look at that information in a special retreat that will be taking place in February. We’re trying to be thoughtful about this. We’re taking time. We don’t want to rush to any kind of conclusion.

Along the way you’ll see articles in TSSP and other NCSS publications. We welcome your feedback when you see those articles because we are putting out ideas that we’d like you to react to.

We are, like the Citizenship Education Task Force, having a meeting today. Ours will take place this afternoon at 3:30 in Salon A. The members of the task force have been out talking to people. They’ve been attending committee meetings. They’ve gone to meetings of the associated groups. And what we’re doing is taking our own informal survey. So if you’d like to come and help us get more information and share your ideas, please join us this afternoon at 3:30. I really look forward to working with you on all of this. Thank you.

Susan Adler, President: Thank you, Carol, and thanks again to all the members of this task force. It requires lots of work and lots of time. And I think it will really help the organization.

We’re moving now to the next item on the agenda, which is the consideration of resolutions. Ann Kennedy is going to join me on the podium. You should have the resolutions in front of you and they will be projected on the screens. Let me remind you if anyone at any time has trouble seeing the screen. There is an area in the front at my left where you may sit.


Presentation of Resolutions

Ann Kennedy, Chair, Resolutions Committee: Good morning, again. At Friday’s session you received a packet of resolutions containing the full text of each of the twenty three resolutions which we will be discussing this morning. Over the past few days, the Resolutions Committee has attempted to review and clarify each of the twenty-three resolutions. We did merge two resolutions which have similar content and intent and made that into one resolution. We offer the opportunity for representatives of sponsoring organizations to address certain points of clarification. And now I’m going to present to you the twenty-three resolutions, the last eight of which are courtesy resolutions.


Resolution 00-01: Effective Communication

Supported by Connecticut, North Carolina, Ohio and South Carolina

WHEREAS the traditional format and language used in resolutions can inhibit effective communication, and

WHEREAS other professional organizations are using new formats for resolutions,

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED THAT NCSS explore appropriate formats for resolutions for the twenty first century.



Resolution 00-02: Harvesting Wisdom

Supported by Connecticut, Georgia, Illinois, North Carolina, Ohio, South Carolina, Oklahoma and Texas

WHEREAS we recognize the wisdom and experience gained by veteran professional educators and the value of their contributions to NCSS,

BE IT RESOLVED THAT NCSS encourage participation of these retired individuals in the NCSS committee structure.



Resolution 00-03: Summer Leadership Institute (SLI) Attendance

Supported by Idaho, Missouri, Ohio, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Texas, Oklahoma and Washington

WHEREAS the SLI experience creates awareness of NCSS practices and policies among affiliated councils and facilitates communication and connections between NCSS and affiliate councils that strengthen both organizations, the SLI would be more meaningful with a broader participation of all states,

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED THAT NCSS explore ways to encourage broader participation by state councils at the SLI.



Resolution 00-04: Voting Records Access

Supported by Connecticut, Idaho, the Middle States, Missouri, North Carolina, Ohio, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Texas, Oklahoma and Washington

WHEREAS Summer Leadership Institute participants need information on senator and representative voting records, and

WHEREAS state councils need the same information to keep apprised of their senators’ and representatives’ voting information, and

WHEREAS all informed citizens in a participatory democracy need access to information about the political process,

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED THAT NCSS explore the possibility of creating a link on its website providing the voting records of senators and representatives on education and related issues.

An amendment was offered to change “education and related issues” to “all major issues.” That amendment failed. A amendment was proposed to change “Senators and Representatives to “Congressiona#148; in the first sentence. That amendment passed. The resolution passed as amended.


Resolution 00-05: Public Relations Logo

Supported by Connecticut, Georgia, Illinois, Missouri, New Mexico, Ohio, Rhode Island, South Carolina and Texas

WHEREAS social studies is the integrated study of social science and humanities to promote civic competence, and

WHEREAS the social sciences are listed in the NCSS definition,

BE IT RESOLVED THAT in support of the new public relations campaign, NCSS will investigate the development of a visual logo to illustrate the NCSS definition of social studies.


Resolution 00-06: National Marketing and Balance

Supported by Idaho, New England History Teachers, North Carolina, Rhode Island, Oklahoma and South Carolina

WHEREAS NCSS is directing itself to the creation of the awareness of the importance of social studies education, and

WHEREAS in its new marketing campaign, NCSS acknowledges the need to address state and national legislators, and

WHEREAS the new marketing campaign directs itself to the awareness of the importance of social studies education, and

WHEREAS NCSS needs each state and its organization to help with this marketing campaign, and

WHEREAS each of the states introducing this resolution requires representation on the Board from regents across the state,

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED THAT NCSS direct the Nominations and Elections Committee to seek representation from all regions of the United States.

Failed after discussion.


Resolution 00-07: Institutional Memory

Supported by Connecticut, Idaho, Maine, the Middle States, Missouri, North Carolina, Ohio, Rhode Island, Oklahoma and South Carolina

WHEREAS the institutional memory of any organization is transitory, and

WHEREAS the resolutions of the NCSS House of Delegates are not readily searchable,

BE IT RESOLVED THAT resolutions of all past House of Delegates be placed on the NCSS website, and

FURTHER, BE IT RESOLVED THAT a system of indexing and cataloging be explored to further facilitate the continuity of the NCSS institutional memory.



Resolution 00-08: Keeping Informed

Supported by Connecticut, Idaho, Maine, the Middle States, Missouri, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Oklahoma and Texas

Whereas it is crucial for members of any professional organization to have access to the Constitution and Bylaws in order to be active participants,

BE IT RESOLVED THAT the NCSS Constitution be made readily accessible on the website.



Resolution 00-09: Student Literacy in Social Studies

Supported by Connecticut, the Middle States, Missouri, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, South Carolina, Texas, Oklahoma, and Washington

WHEREAS a literate citizenry is imperative to ensuring the health of America as a society and a democracy, and

WHEREAS the basic purpose of the social studies program is to teach students the content knowledge, intellectual skills and civic values necessary for fulfilling the duties of a citizenship in a participatory democracy,

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED THAT NCSS reaffirm the position of the social studies as an essential component of student literacy and encourage the recognition and support of the social studies as one of the essential components of student literacy.



00-10: Importance of Social Studies at the Elementary Level

Supported by Connecticut, Idaho, Middle States, Missouri, New York, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Texas, Oklahoma and Washington

WHEREAS social studies provides a framework for the teaching of skills at the elementary level, and

WHEREAS social studies is the foundation for effective citizenship, and

WHEREAS maintaining a well educated citizenry is basic to the continuance of our democratic society as a republic,

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED THAT NCSS encourages the teaching of social studies that correlates with the NCSS or state standards at the elementary level.

The first sentence was amended as follows:

WHEREAS social studies provides a framework for the teaching of knowledge and skills at the elementary level.

The last sentence was amended as follows:

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED THAT NCSS reaffirms the teaching of social studies that correlates with the NCSS standards at the elementary level. (The words “or state” were deleted.)

Passed as amended after discussion.


Resolution 00-11: Equity for Eisenhower and Other Professional Development Funds

Supported by Connecticut, Michigan, Middle States, Missouri, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, South Carolina, Oklahoma and Texas

WHEREAS social studies is an underfunded core discipline,

WHEREAS education funds are not equally distributed among the four core disciplines and whereas professional development is important to all core disciplines,

BE IT RESOLVED THAT NCSS support the effort of affiliated councils to seek a more equitable distribution of Eisenhower and other Professional Development Funds, local, state and federal, to the four core disciplines of social studies, language arts, science and math.

Passed after discussion.


Resolution 00-12: Supporting New Social Studies Professionals

Supported by Connecticut, Idaho, Michigan, Middle States, Missouri, New York, North Carolina, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Texas and Washington

WHEREAS there exists an increasing demand for competent and effective social studies teachers, and

WHEREAS high rates of attrition and the retirement of teachers result in the shortage of qualified, certified teachers, and

WHEREAS there exists a need for teachers to work effectively with an increasingly diverse student population, and

WHEREAS there exists a need to establish an ongoing process of professional development based on the latest best practices/research,

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that NCSS support efforts by states to provide support and continued professional development for teachers in their development as effective social studies practitioners.



00-13: Opposition to High Stakes Standardized Tests

Supported by Rich Gibson, Wayne Ross and CUFA

WHEREAS high stakes standardized tests represent a powerful intrusion into America’s classrooms, often taking up as much as thirty percent of teacher time, and

WHEREAS the tests pretend that one standard fits all when differences in student demographics prove otherwise, and

WHEREAS these tests measure for the most part parental income and race and are therefore instruments which build racism and anti-working class sentiment against the interest of most teachers and their students, and

WHEREAS these tests deepen the segregation of children within and between school systems, a move that is not in the interests of most people in the U.S., and

WHEREAS this has set a false employer-employee relationship between teachers and students which damages honest exchanges in the classroom, and

WHEREAS we have seen repeatedly that the exams are unprofessionally scored (for example, in New York, where thousands of students were unnecessarily ordered to summer school on the ground of incorrect test results), and

WHEREAS the tests create an atmosphere that pits students against students and teachers against teachers and school systems against school systems in competition for monetary rewards and to avoid financial retribution, and

WHEREAS the tests have been used to unjustly dismiss and discipline teachers throughout the country, and

WHEREAS the exams represent an infringement of academic freedom by forcing their way into the classroom in an attempt to regulate knowledge and how people come to know it, and

WHEREAS the tests destroy inclusion and inquiry based education, and

WHEREAS the high stakes tests pretend to neutrality but are deeply partisan in content, and

WHEREAS the tests become commodities for opportunists whose interests are profits, not the best interest of children,

BE IT RESOLVED THAT National Council of Social Studies join with the National Council of Teachers of English, and International Reading Association, and the American Education Research Association, and the College and University Faculty Assembly of NCSS in supporting long-term authentic assessment and opposing all high stakes standardized examinations, such as but not limited to, the SAT-9 in California.

A lively discussion followed, with both pro and con arguments raised. The resolution was defeated.


00-14: The Electoral College

Supported by Oklahoma, Idaho and South Carolina

WHEREAS the 2000 Presidential Election has raised the issue of the value of the Electoral College, and

WHEREAS we as an association have the responsibility of providing leadership in the study of the electoral process,

BE IT RESOLVED THAT NCSS seek political science researchers to discuss the pros and cons of the Electoral College in Social Education, evaluating the effectiveness of the Electoral College of the new millennium.

A lively discussion followed. The final paragraph was revised:

BE IT RESOLVED THAT NCSS seek political science researchers to discuss the pros and cons of the Electoral College in Social Education and Social Studies and the Young Learner, and teacher practitioners to include appropriate teaching strategies for evaluating the effectiveness of the Electoral College in the new millennium.

Passed as amended.


Resolution 00-15: Respect for Native Americans

Supported by Connecticut

WHEREAS the United States is founded on the principle that it is one nation with liberty and justice for all, and

WHEREAS social studies educators are in a powerful position to create social change on identity issues, and

WHEREAS images of Native American used in connection with athletic teams and consumer products that are marketed in connection with these teams degrade Native Americans and are offensive to them,

BE IT RESOLVED THAT NCSS encourage and support efforts of affiliate councils to protect the use of these images in connection with athletic teams and the consumer products marketed in connection with these teams.

Failed after discussion.


Ann Kennedy, Chair, Resolutions Committee, presented the following Courtesy Resolutions together:

00-16: Courtesy Resolution on the Summer Leadership Institute, Commending Susan Griffin and NCSS for providing the opportunity for a greater number of affiliated councils to attend the Summer Leadership Institute;

00-17: Courtesy Resolution Commending Susan Adler, NCSS President;

00-18: Courtesy Resolution Commending Susan Griffin, NCSS Executive Director;

00-19: Courtesy Resolution Commending Robin Hayes, the Program Planning Committee, Local Arrangements Committee, Credentials Committee and NCSS Staff; 00-20: Courtesy Resolution Commending House Committees;

00-21 Courtesy Resolution Commending Lynda Wagner, Chair of the Steering Committee;

00-22 Courtesy Resolution Commending the Steering Committee;

00-23 Courtesy Resolution Commending the Henry B. Gonzalez Convention Center.

All Courtesy Resolutions were passed.


Rick Theisen, Past President: On a point of order, I, having done last year the role that Susan Adler performed this year, really encourage everybody to give a hand to Susan, who has done a marvelous job of both organizing the conference and doing the House of Delegates.

Susan Adler, President: Thank you. Thank you very much.

Lynda has the results of the election. We also have a resolution coming from the floor and she will explain how we proceed in that.


Results of Ballot for HOD Committees

Lynda Wagner, Chair, Steering Committee: The results of the ballots for the House of Delegates are as follows. For the Assignment Committee, we have three for three-year terms. Those people assigned to three-year terms are Taddie Hamilton from Texas, Jeannie Johnson from Michigan, and Jackie Purdy from California. Serving a one-year term will be Shelly Singer from Illinois. Congratulations. For the Nominations and Elections Committee, we were electing two. They will be Ann Kennedy of Oklahoma and Carol Moakley from Connecticut. For the Resolutions Committee, we’re electing four, and this term has been extended to three years, with the addition of one committee member. They will be James Meadows from Washington, Renay Scott from Michigan, Patricia Hughes from Virginia and Margaret Sanford from Texas. Congratulations. Finally, for the Steering Committee, we’re electing two. They will be Nancy Cope from North Carolina and Steve Goldberg from New York. Congratulations to all the new members. And please remember that the newly elected people will meet the chairs of their committee right here in front of the podium after the adjournment of the House of Delegates.

Lynda Wagner, Chair of the Steering Committee, announced that an additional resolution had been brought to the delegates. The House of Delegates Parliamentarian explained that the resolution would require that three quarters of the delegates support consideration of the resolution. The motion to consider the additional resolution was defeated.

Gayle Thieman, WA, and Ken Mareski, MI, urged delegates to purchase raffle tickets to benefit the Fund for the Advancement of Social Studies Education.

Susan Adler, President: The Conference Committee would like to have regional conference coordinators meet with it at 11:00 a.m. in RiverCenter Room One. If you have a conflict and you’re going to be a little late, please go ahead and attend anyway. They will be there for a while.

Please be sure to get the Citizenship Task Force survey to your state and local affiliates. It can also be found on the NCSS website. We welcome input from all NCSS members, state members and all affiliate members. So please remember to complete that.

There also is an evaluation of this year’s House of Delegates. Please take that out now. Do not leave before you’ve completed that. There are lots of folks who will pick these up from you. Please be sure that one of them gets your evaluation form.

Tonight I invite you all to attend the awards presentation at 6 p.m. at the RiverWalk Hotel. We want to honor and support our awardees.

With that, the 44th meeting of the House of Delegates is adjourned.


Transcripts of this and other NCSS House of Delegates annual meetings are available online in the NCSS Members Only area of