Results of the
Census of 2000
The U.S. Census Bureau has released some of the major results of the census of 2000, and a steady stream of more detailed statistics will come from the Bureau this spring and summer. Teachers and other members of the public can check the Census Bureau website, www.census.gov, for information about new findings as they become available.1
The big overall news was a larger than expected increase in the total resident U.S. population, which was shown by the count of April 2000 to have reached 281,421,906an increase of almost 33 million, or about 13.1 percent, from the last census of 1990. Earlier estimates made by the Census Bureau before the April 2000 count had projected the population at about 274,500,000almost 7 million fewer than the census actually showed.
The two tables on the pages that follow provide basic information about the overall population of the United States. The first table is a state-by-state comparison of the U.S. resident population in 2000 with that of 1990. The second table presents the apportionment population, which is used as the basis for determining the number of representatives states will have in the House of Representatives that will be elected in November 2002. The apportionment population includes both the resident population of a state and persons from the state living overseas. The table shows the changes in the number of apportioned representatives that will result from the census of 2000.
The Population by Race
In the census of 2000, the Census Bureau revised its earlier questions about race to provide a more precise picture of the countrys diversity. Respondents were given the option of selecting one or more race categories to define their racial identities.2 A Census 2000 Brief written by Elizabeth M. Grieco and Rachel C. Cassidy provides the following preview of the overall results:3
> Approximately 211.5 million people, or 75.1 percent of the total population, reported that their race was only White. A further 5.5 million reported a combination of White and at least one other race.
> About 34.7 million people, or 12.3 percent of the population, identified themselves as having a racial background that was only Black or African American. A further 1.8 million people reported a combination of Black or African American and at least one other race.
> About 2.5 million people, or 0.9 percent of the total population, reported a racial background that was only American Indian or Alaska Native. A further 1.6 million people reported a combination of American Indian or Alaska Native and at least one other race.
> About 10.2 million people, or 3.6 percent of the total population, identified themselves as having a racial background that was only Asian. An additional 1.7 million reported a combination of Asian and at least one other race.
> About 399,000 people or 0.1 percent of the total population, identified themselves as having a racial background that was only that of Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander.
A further 476,000 people reported a combination of this racial background and at least one other race.
> Approximately 15.4 million people, or 5.5 percent, identified themselves as belonging to some other race than those described above, while about 6.8 million, or 2.4 percent, described themselves as belonging to two or more races.
> Persons of Hispanic origin numbered about 35.3 million, or 12.5 percent of the total population. Being of Hispanic origin is not classified by the census as belonging to a race, so persons of Hispanic origin were asked to identify their racial background. Among all persons of Hispanic origin, about 47.9 percent identified themselves as being only White; 2.0 percent as being only Black or African American; 1.2 percent as only American Indian or Alaska Native; 0.3 percent as only Asian; and 0.1 percent as only Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander. A further 42.2 percent described themselves as belonging to some other race than those mentioned in the census question, while 6.3 percent described themselves as belonging to two or more races.
1. A special section of the website for teachers can be found at www.census.gov/dmd/www/schindex.htm
2. Because of the revisions, the data on race in the 2000 census are not directly comparable with data on race in earlier censuses, and teachers will need to use caution in evaluating changes in the racial composition of the population over time. Because more than one option was offered in the 2000 census for describing racial background, there is a risk of double counting or inconsistent treatment when comparing population groups of different racial background with each other or with ethnic groups.
3. See Elizabeth M. Grieco and Rachel C. Cassidy, Overview of Race and Hispanic Origin. The full text of this Census 2000 Brief is available at www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs.html
Resident Population of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico
April 1, 2000 (Census 2000) and April 1, 1990 (1990 Census)
|Area||April 1, 2000||April 1, 1990
||Numeric Change||Percent Change||State Rank as of April 1, 2000||State Rank as of April 1, 1990|
|District of Columbia||572,059||606,900||-34,841||-5.7||(NA)||(NA)|
|Total Resident Population||281,421,906||248,709,873||32,712,033||13.2||(NA)||(NA)|
|Total Resident Population,
including Puerto Rico
Table 2. Apportionment Population and Number of Representatives, by State: Census 2000
|Overseas Population (included in Apportionment Population)2||Number of Apportioned Representatives Based on Census 2000||Change From 1990 Census Apportionment|
1. Includes the resident population for the 50 states, as ascertained by the Twenty-Second Decennial Census under Title 13, United States Code, and counts of overseas U.S. military and federal civilian employees (and their dependents living with them) allocated to their home state, as reported by the employing federal agencies. The apportionment population excludes the population of the District of Columbia.
2. Includes overseas U.S. military and federal civilian employees (and their dependents living with them) allocated to their home state, as reported by the employing federal agencies.
NOTE: As required by the January 1999 U.S. Supreme Court ruling (Department of Commerce v. House of Representatives, 525 U.S. 316, 119 S. Ct. 765 (1999)), these resident population counts do not reflect the use of statistical sampling to correct for overcounting or undercounting.
Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.