Sub-Saharan Africa at aGlance

Angola
Population: 10.4 million (1994)
Capital: Luanda
President: José Eduardo dos Santos
Prime Minister: Fernando José da Franca van-Dunem
Religious Affiliation: majority Christian (mainly Catholic), many adherents of traditional African beliefs
Population growth rate: 3.1%
Urban % of pop: 31.4%
GNP per capita: n. a.
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 75%
Main exports: mineral fuels and lubricants

Benin
Population: 5.3 million (1994)
Capital: Porto-Novo
President: Gen. (ret'd) Mathieu Kerekou
Prime Minister: Adrien Houngbedji
Religious Affiliation: majority animist, Christian and Muslim minorities
Population growth rate: 2.8%
Urban % of pop.: 41.1%
GNP per capita: $370;
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 63%
Main export: cotton

Botswana
Population: 1.4 million (1994)
Capital: Gaborone
President: Quett Ketumile Masire
Religious Affiliation: about half animist, increasing minority Christian
Population growth rate: 2.9%
Urban % of pop.: 29.6%
GNP per capita: $2,800
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 46%
Main export: diamonds

Burkina Faso
Population: 10.12 million (1994)
Capital: Ouagadougou
President: Capt. Blaise Compaore
Prime Minister: Kadre Desire Ouedraogo
Religious Affiliation: About 50% animist, 40% Muslim, 10% Christian
Population growth rate: 3.0%
Urban % of pop.: 25.3%
GNP per capita: $300
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 92%
Main export: cotton

Burundi
Population: 6.2 million (1994)
Capital: Bujumbura
President: Pierre Buyoya
Prime Minister: Pascal-Firmin Ndimira
Religious Affiliation: more than two thirds are Christian, mainly Catholic; the remainder mainly adhere to traditional beliefs
Population growth rate: 3.0%
Urban % of pop.: 7.3%
GNP per capita: $150
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 92%
Main export: coffee

Cameroon
Population: 13.0 million (1994)
Capital: Yaounde
President: Paul Biya
Prime Minister: Peter Mafani Musongue
Religious Affiliation: about 50% adhere to traditional African beliefs; there are Christian and (smaller) Muslim minorities
Pop. growth rate: 2.9%
Urban % of pop.: 44.0%
GNP per capita: $680
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 70%
Main exports: crude oil, cocoa, wood

Central African Republic
Population: 3.23 million (1994)
Capital: Bangui
President: Ange-Felix Patasse
Prime Minister: Michel Gbezera-Bria
Religious Affiliation: majority Christian, many adherents of traditional beliefs
Pop. growth rate: 2.5%
Urban % of pop.: 38.9%
GNP per capita: $370
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 80%
Main exports: coffee, diamonds

Congo, Democratic Republic of
(formerly Zaire)
Population:
42.54 million (1994)
Capital: Kinshasa
President: Laurent Kabila
Religious Affiliation: majority are Christian (mainly Catholic)
Pop. growth rate: 3.1%
Urban % of pop.: 28,9%
GNP per capita: $240
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 68%
Main exports: copper, diamonds, coffee

Congo, Republic of
Population: 2.6 million (1994)
Capital: Brazzaville
President: Pascal Lissouba
Prime Minister: Charles David Ganao
Religious Affiliation: about half Christian (mainly Catholic), most of remainder animist
Pop. growth rate: 3.0%
Urban % of pop.: 57.7%
GNP per capita: $640
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 49%
Main exports: crude oil, wood

Cote d'Ivoire
Population: 13.8 million (1994)
Capital: Abidjan, future capital: Yamoussoukro
President: Aime Henri Konan Bedie
Prime Minister: Daniel Kablan Kablan
Religious Affiliation: about 40% Muslim, 26% Christian (mainly Catholic), 17% animist
Pop. growth rate: 3.6%
Urban % of pop.: 43.0%
GNP per capita: $510
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 60%
Main exports: coffee, cocoa

Ethiopia
Population: 54.89 million (1994)
Capital: Addis Ababa
President: Dr. Negasso Gidada
Prime Minister:
Meles Zenawi
Religious Affiliation: Majority Christian (mostly Ethopian Orthodox); more than 25% Muslim
Pop. growth rate: 3.0%
Urban % of pop.: 13.2%
GNP per capita: $100
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 86%
Main exports: Coffee

Gabon
Population: 1.3 million (1994)
Capital: Libreville
President: Omar Bongo
Prime Minister: Dr. Paulin Obame-Nguema
Religious Affiliation: mostly Christian, minority animist
Pop. growth rate: 2.2%
Urban % of pop.: 49.1%
GNP per capita: $3,550
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 51%
Main export: crude oil

Gambia
Population: 1.08 million (1994)
Capital: Banjul
President: Capt. Yahya Jammeh
Religious Affiliation: 85% Muslim
Pop. growth rate: 3.4%
Urban % of pop.: 24.9%
GNP per capita: $360
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 82%
Main export: groundnuts

Ghana
Population: 16.64 million (1994)
Capital: Accra
President: Flt. Lt. (ret'd) Jerry Rawlings
Religious Affiliation: significant minorities are Christian, animist, and Muslim
Pop. growth rate: 2.7%
Urban % of pop.: 35.8%
GNP per capita: $430
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 59%
Main exports: cocoa, wood and wood products, aluminum, gold

Guinea
Population: 6.43 million (1994)
Capital: Conakry
President: Gen. Lansana Conte
Prime Minister: Sidia Toure
Religious Affiliation: 90% Muslim
Pop. growth rate: 2.6%
Urban % of pop.: 28.8%
GNP per capita: $510
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 87%
Main exports: bauxite, aluminum

Guinea-Bissau
Population: 1.04 million (1994)
Capital: Bissau
President: Cdr. Joao Bernardo Vieira
Prime Minister: Carlos Correia
Religious Affiliation: about 54% animist, 38% Muslim
Pop. growth rate: 2.2%
Urban % of pop.: 21.7%
GNP per capita: $240
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 85%
Main export: cashew nuts

Kenya
Population: 26.0 million (1994)
Capital: Nairobi
President: Daniel Arap Moi
Religious Affiliation: mostly Christian; a large number adhere to traditional beliefs
Population growth rate: 2.6%
Urban % of pop.: 26.9%
GNP per capita: $250
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 80%
Main exports: coffee, tea, jewelry, refined
petroleum

Lesotho
Population: 1.94 million (1994)
Capital: Maseru
Head of State: King Letsie III
Prime Minister: Dr. Ntsu Mokhehle
Religious Affiliation: 90% Christian
Pop. growth rate: 2.3%;
Urban % of pop.: 22.4%
GNP per capita: $700
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 40%

Liberia
Population: 2.72 million (1994)
Capital: Monrovia
President: Charles Taylor
Religious Affiliation: mostly traditional African; Christian and Muslim minorities
Pop. growth rate: 3.0%
Urban % of pop.: 44.4%
GNP per capita: $460 (1985)
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 72%
Main exports: iron ore, rubber

Madagascar
Population: 13.1 million (1994)
Capital: Antananarivo
President: Didier Ratsiraka
Prime Minister: Pascal Rakotomavo
Religious Affiliation: approximately equal animist and Christian population
Pop. growth rate: 2.8%
Urban % of pop.: 26.4%
GNP per capita: $230
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 78%
Main exports: coffee, spices

Malawi
Population: 9.53 million (1994)
Capital: Lilongwe
President: Dr. Bakili Muluzi
Religious Affiliation: 70% Christian, minorities adhere to traditional African beliefs & Islam
Pop. growth rate: 2.4%
Urban % of pop.: 13.2%
GNP per capita: $140
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 87%
Main export: tobacco

Mauritius
Population: 1.12 million (1994)
Capital: Port Louis
President: Cassam Uteem
Prime Minister: Dr. Navinchandra Ramgoolam
Religious Affiliation: Hindu, 51%; Christian 31%; Muslim, 17%
Pop. growth rate: 1.6%
Urban % of pop.: 40.6%
GNP per capita: $3,180
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 17%
Main exports: sugar, textiles

Mozambique
Population: 15.46 million (1994)
Capital: Maputo
President: Joaquim Alberto Chissano
Prime Minister: Dr. Pascoal Manual Mocumbi
Religious Affiliation: large Christian and smaller Muslim minorities, many inhabitants follow traditional African beliefs
Pop. growth rate: 2.9%
Urban % of pop.: 32.7%
GNP per capita: $80
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 83%
Main exports: shellfish, cotton, refined petroleum

Namibia
Population: 1.51 million (1994)
Capital: Windhoek
President: Dr. Samuel Daniel Nujoma
Prime Minister: Hage Geingob
Religious Affiliation: 90% Christian, mostly Lutheran
Pop. growth rate: 2.8%
Urban % of pop.: 36.3%
GNP per capita: $2,030
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 49%
Main export: diamonds

Nigeria
Population: 108 million (1994)
Capital: Lagos
Head of State: Gen. Sani Abacha
Religious Affiliation: about 50% Muslim, more than 40% Christian
Pop. growth rate: 2.9%
Urban % of pop.: 38.5%
GNP per capita: $280
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 43%;
Main exports: crude oil, cocoa

Rwanda
Population: 7.76 million (1994)
Capital: Kigali
President: Théogène Rudasingwa
Prime Minister: Pierre Celestin Rwigyema
Religious Affiliation: majority Christian, large number of inhabitants traditional
Pop. growth rate: 2.6%
Urban % of pop.: 6.0%
GNP per capita: $80
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 92%
Main exports: coffee, tea

Senegal
Population: 8.26 million (1994)
Capital: Dakar
President: Abdou Diouf
Prime Minister: Habib Thiam
Religious Affiliation: almost entirely Muslim
Pop. growth rate: 2.6%
Urban % of pop.: 41.8%
GNP per capita: $610
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 77%
Main export: fish

Sierra Leone
Population: 4.4 million (1994)
Capital: Freetown
President: Ahmed Tejan Kabbah (internationally recognized); Major Johnny Paul Koroma (claimant after coup d'etat)
Religious Affiliation: majority animist, large Muslim and smaller Christian minorities
Pop. growth rate: 2.5%
Urban % of pop.: 35.4%
GNP per capita: $150
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 68%
Main exports: rutile

Somalia
Population: 8.78 million (1994)
Capital: Mogadishu
Leadership in dispute
Religious Affiliation: Muslim
Pop. growth rate: 2.7%
Urban % of pop.: 25.4%
GNP per capita: $120
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 75%
Main exports: livestock, bananas

South Africa
Population: 40.54 million (1994)
Capital: Pretoria
President: Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela
Religious Affiliation: 75% Christian
Pop. growth rate: 2.2%
Urban % of pop.: 50.5%
GNP per capita: $3010
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 14%
Main exports: gold, diamonds, minerals, manufactured products

Tanzania
Population: 28.82 million (1994)
Capital: Dar es Salaam; future capital: Dodoma
President: Benjamin William Mkapa
Prime Minister: Frederick Sumaye
Religious Affiliation: animists, Muslims and Christians are each about one third of the population
Pop. growth rate: 2.9%
Urban % of pop.: 23.7%
GNP per capita: $90
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 84%
Main exports: coffee, cotton

Togo
Population: 4 million (1994)
Capital: Lomé
President: Gen. Gnassingbe Eyadema
Prime Minister: Klutse Kwassi
Religious Affiliation: 50% animists, 35% Christian (mainly Catholic), 15% Muslims
Pop. growth rate: 3.2%
Urban % of pop.: 30.3%
GNP per capita: $320
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 66%
Main exports: phosphates, cotton

Uganda
Population: 18.6 million (1994)
Capital: Kampala
President: Lt. Gen. Yoweri Kaguta Museveni
Prime Minister: Kintu Musoke
Religious Affiliation: mostly Christian
Pop. growth rate: 3.1%
Urban % of pop.: 12.2%
GNP per capita: $200
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 85%
Main export: coffee

Zambia
Population: 9.2 million (1994)
Capital: Lusaka
President: Frederick Chiluba
Religious Affiliation: mostly Christian
Pop. growth rate: 2.9%
Urban % of pop.: 42.9%
GNP per capita: $350
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 75%
Main export: copper

Zimbabwe
Population: 10.78 million (1994)
Capital: Harare
President: Robert Gabriel Mugabe
Religious Affiliation: minority of population is Christian, many inhabitants follow traditional African beliefs
Pop. growth rate: 2.3%
Urban % of pop.: 31.4%
GNP per capita: $490
Percent of labor force in agriculture: 68%
Main export: tobacco

Sources
Countries with populations of less than 1 million have been omitted from this list.

Much of the statistical information provided is based on estimates about the situation in the early to mid-1990s. Most statistical data is taken from Social Indicators of Development 1996 (Baltimore and London: published by Johns Hopkins University Press for the World Bank, 1996). Other important sources used are United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), UNESCO Statistical Yearbook, 1996 and Africa South of the Sahara, 1997 (London: Europa Publications, 1997). Presidents and Prime Ministers are listed as of the early fall of 1997.