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The goal of social studies education is to develop responsible, informed, and engaged citizens to foster civic, global, historical, geographic, and economic literacy. The College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework for Social Studies State Standards, released by the National Council for the Social Studies in 2013 was purposefully designed to meet this goal by providing guidance to states and local school districts to enhance the rigor of K-12 civics, economics, geography, and history.

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Implementing the C3 Framework: What is our Task as Social Studies Leaders?

Michelle M. Herczog, Ed.D.
President-Elect, National Council for the Social Studies

This article originally appeared in the NSSSA Leader Newsletter

Whether or not the C3 Framework is implemented at the state level, social studies teachers at all grade levels can use the document to reflect upon their own classroom practices and re-envision their instructional program to become more inquiry-based, dynamic, and exciting for students.

Here is archived webcast that provides an overview of the C3 Framework featuring the architects and leads of the project and guidelines for using the webcast along with instructional planning guides for professional development. is an open, collaborative website where you can interact with other teachers about enhancing social studies, aims to empower teachers as they wrestle with the big ideas and instructional implications of the College, Career, and Civic Life Framework for Social Studies State Standards (the “C3 Framework”).

The 24 free lessons from Understanding Fiscal Responsibility (UFR): A Curriculum for Teaching about the Federal Budget, National Debt, and Budget Deficit ( connect students to the current public policy dilemmas about the federal budget, national debt, and budget deficit that confront the United States and its citizens. These 1-2 day lessons are not interdependent and are appropriate for students ranging from grades 9–12 in Civics/Government, Economics, U.S. History/Geography, World History/Global Studies/Geography, and Mathematics.

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Performance-Based Assessment Clearinghouse


This NCSS Social Studies Performance-Based Assessment Clearinghouse has been created to provide

The president´s annual speech to Congress on the condition of the nation offers students an opportunity to examine key domestic issues as well as the president´s proposals. (From Social Education
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Social Studies Related Organizations

In addition to NCSS Associated Groups and State, Local, and Regional Councils for the Social Studies, there are several other social studies related organizations. Some of these are listed below. (Note: Inclusion on this list does not imply endorsement by NCSS.)

9-11 Commemoration Resources

2011 marks the 10th anniversary of the September 11 attacks. NCSS has collected resources from its journals Social Education, Social Studies and the Young Learner, and Middle Level Learning that teachers can use when preparing to teach about 9-11 and acknowledge the upcoming anniversary. Also listed are several additional online resources.


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