Revolutionary Women: Portraits of Life in the Thirteen Colonies

--Mary E. Connor
Primary source material about, and brief biographies of, Jane Franklin Mecom, Phillis Wheatly, Mercy Otis Warren, and three others.

This URL downloads all 16 pages of Middle Level Learning as a pdf of about 2.2 MB:


The Colonial Convention: Teaching History as Perspective Taking

--Mac Duis and Sandra S. Duis
Eighth grade students adopt the role of a character from the late Colonial era and present that character's perspective on issues of the day at a convention involving the 13 colonies.

This URL downloads all 16 pages of Middle Level Learning as a pdf of about 4.5 MB:


Symbols of Democracy: An Introduction to Icons and Ideals

--Jackie Kofsky and Barb Morris
Lessons introduce K-3 students to key symbols of our country. (And see following Pullout.)

Related: (Teaching with Documents)

—Lee Ann Potter
A newly launched project highlights one hundred landmark documents—such as the United States Constitution, Thomas Edison’s electric lamp patent, and the canceled check for Alaska—that have influenced the course of U.S. history. Here’s how to integrate these documents into classroom instruction.


The First Act of Congress (Teaching with Documents)

--Lee Ann Potter
In the early days of this nation, Congress considered numerous acts as it established the laws of the land. Yet the first ever act of Congress concerned an oath to support the Constitution.


Virginia’s New Hamster: A Thirteen States Mnemonic

Nancy L. Gallenstein
This humorous short story assists students in memorizing the original 13 states of the Union in 1776.


Telling Tales:The Teaching of American History through Storytelling

—Tony R. Sanchez and Randy K. Mills
Teachers can relate the excitement, paradox, and importance of American history to students by conveying the challenges of life in the past with stories. [John Adams, in court, defends British soldiers after the Boston Massacre. Abigail Adams, speaking to her neighbor, defends the right of James Prince--an African American--to attend the local school.]   --> read more »


Letters from George Washington and Samuel Cabble, and Speeches by Franklin D. Roosevelt and John F. Kennedy

By Lee Ann Potter
Students will grapple with what it means to “embrace the future” when they study primary documents related to four noteworthy individuals who embraced the future in distinct ways.


Rough Journal Page Documenting Ratification and Final Page of the Treaty of Paris, 1783 (Teaching with Documents)

By Lee Ann Potter
The featured documents highlight for students the significance of the Treaty of Paris, not only in ending the Revolutionary War, but also in transforming British North America.


Frederick Douglass Changed My Mind about the Constitution

By James Oakes
Like Frederick Douglass, this historian had originally viewed the Constitution as pro-slavery. Yet a close look at Douglass’s writings revealed a Constitution that empowered the federal government to abolish slavery.

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